Ustrasana or Camel Pose – Benefits and Precautions

Welcome to the Rishikesh Yog Dham blog post. Today we will discuss Ustrasana, also known as Camel Pose, which is a powerful back-bending posture in yoga that offers a multitude of benefits for both the body and mind. Its name originates from the Sanskrit words “Ustra” meaning “camel” and “Asana” meaning “pose,” reflecting the resemblance of the body’s shape in the pose to a kneeling camel.

This intermediate-level pose stretches and strengthens the core, opens the chest and hips, and improves spinal flexibility. However, due to its deep backbend, Camel Pose requires proper alignment and awareness to avoid injuries.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the various aspects of Ustrasana, including its benefits, step-by-step instructions, modifications, precautions, and preparatory poses.

Benefits of Camel Pose

Ustrasana offers a wide range of physical and mental benefits, making it a valuable addition to your yoga practice. Here’s a closer look at some of its key advantages:

  • Increased Spinal Flexibility – This Pose stretches the entire front side of the body, including the spine, shoulders, and hip flexors. This improved flexibility can help counteract hunching and promote better posture.
  • Strengthens the Core – Engaging the core muscles is crucial for maintaining proper alignment in Ustrasana. This strengthens the abdominal muscles and improves overall stability.
  • Opens the Chest – The deep backbend in this pose opens up the chest cavity, allowing for deeper and more relaxed breathing. This can be beneficial for people with respiratory issues or those who experience tightness in the chest.
  • Improves Digestion – The gentle stimulation of the abdominal organs in Ustrasana can aid digestion and elimination.
  • Boosts Energy Levels – Backbends like this Pose are known to energize the body and stimulate the nervous system. This can help combat fatigue and leave you feeling revitalized.
  • Enhances Mood – Holding Ustrasana can open the heart chakra, which is believed to promote feelings of love, compassion, and well-being.
Improves Digestion
Improves Digestion

Step-by-Step Guide to Camel Pose

  1. Begin in Vajrasana (Thunderbolt Pose) – Kneel on the yoga mat with your toes together and knees hip-width apart. Sit back on your heels and lengthen your spine.
  2. Prepare for the Backbend – Place your hands on your lower back, fingers pointing downwards. Inhale and lift your torso, pushing your hips slightly forward. Engage your core by drawing your navel in towards your spine.
  3. Reach Back with Your Hands – As you exhale, gently arch your back and reach your hands back towards your heels. Avoid forcing the backbend. If your hands don’t comfortably reach your heels, place them on your lower back or sacrum (tailbone) for support.
  4. Open Your Chest and Shoulders – Lengthen your neck and draw your shoulder blades down and back. Lift your chest and gaze upwards, keeping your chin slightly tucked.
  5. Deepen the Backbend (Optional) – If comfortable, gently press your hips slightly forward and reach your hands further back. Maintain a flat back and avoid rounding your lower back.
  6. Hold and Breathe – Stay in the pose for 5-10 breaths, focusing on your breath and maintaining proper alignment.
  7. Come Out of the Pose – To exit the pose, inhale and slowly press your hips back towards your heels. Bring your hands back to your hips or lower back for support. Uncurl your spine one vertebra at a time and return to Vajrasana.
  8. Rest – Take Child’s Pose (Balasana) for a few breaths to counter the backbend and allow your body to relax.

Modifications for Camel Pose

Ustrasana isn’t a one-size-fits-all pose. Here are some modifications to make it accessible and comfortable for different levels of practice:

  • Use Props – Place a folded blanket or yoga block under your knees for additional support, especially if your knees feel uncomfortable. You can also use a block under your hands if reaching your heels is difficult.
  • Forearm Variation – Instead of reaching back with your hands, interlace your fingers behind your back and rest your forearms on a block or bolster. This modification provides support for your upper body and reduces the intensity of the backbend.
  • Half Camel Pose – If you’re new to backbends, begin with a half Camel Pose. Here, you only arch back slightly and keep your hands on your lower back for support.
Camel Pose
Camel Pose

Precautions and Contraindications

While this pose offers numerous benefits, it’s essential to practice with caution and be aware of potential contraindications. Here are some situations where you might want to avoid or modify Ustrasana:

  • Back Injuries – People with back injuries, especially those in the lower back, should avoid this pose or practice it with extreme caution and under the guidance of a qualified yoga teacher.
  • High or Low Blood Pressure – Camel Pose can cause fluctuations in blood pressure. Individuals with high or low blood pressure should avoid this pose.
  • Pregnancy – Pregnant women, especially in their later trimesters, should avoid this pose due to the risk of overextending the abdominal muscles and straining the ligaments.
  • Recent Surgery – If you’ve recently undergone abdominal or spinal surgery, it’s best to avoid this pose until you’ve fully healed and received clearance from your doctor.

Preparatory Poses for Camel Pose

Warming up the body properly before attempting Camel Pose is crucial to prevent injuries and ensure a safe and effective practice. Here are a few preparatory poses that can help:

  • Cat-Cow (Marjaryasana-Bitilasana) – This dynamic flow between Cat Pose (arching the back) and Cow Pose (arching the spine upwards) warms up the spine and improves flexibility.
  • Downward-Facing Dog (Adho Mukha Svanasana) – Downward-Facing Dog stretches the entire back body, including the hamstrings, calves, and shoulders. It also strengthens the arms and core, preparing them for the backbend.
  • High Lunge (Adho Mukha Virasana) – High Lunge stretches the hip flexors, quads, and ankles, all of which are important for proper alignment in Camel Pose.
  • Cobra Pose (Bhujangasana)Cobra Pose is a gentle backbend that prepares the spine for the deeper backbend in Camel Pose.

Integrating Ustrasana into Your Yoga Practice

Ustrasana can be effectively incorporated into various yoga sequences. Here are a few suggestions:

  • Flowing Practice –  Camel Pose can be included in a vinyasa flow sequence after poses that warm up the spine and hips. It can be followed by a forward bend or a twist to create a balanced practice.
  • Yin Yoga – In a Yin Yoga practice, this pose can be held for a longer duration (3-5 minutes) to target the deeper connective tissues in the front of the body. Use props for support and prioritize deep breathing.
  • Restorative Practice – Following a restorative practice that focuses on relaxation, this pose can be used as a gentle energizer to awaken the body and improve circulation.


Ustrasana, when practiced with proper alignment and awareness, can be a powerful tool for improving flexibility, strength, and overall well-being. By listening to your body and honoring its limitations, you can reap the numerous benefits of this back-bending posture. If you’re new to yoga or have any concerns about practicing this pose, it’s always recommended to consult with a qualified yoga teacher who can guide you and suggest modifications based on your individual needs.

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FAQs About Camel Pose

1. What are the benefits of Camel Pose?

  • Boosts flexibility in the spine, hips, and shoulders.
  • Strengthens the core and improves posture.
  • Opens the chest and improves breathing.
  • Enhances digestion and energy levels.
  • May promote feelings of well-being.

2. Is Camel Pose difficult?

This pose is an intermediate-level pose. It requires some back flexibility and core strength. Modifications are available to make it more accessible for beginners.

3. Who should avoid Camel Pose?

People with neck or back injuries, high/low blood pressure, pregnancy, or recent surgery should avoid this pose or practice with caution and guidance.

4. How can I prepare for Camel Pose?

Warm up with Cat-Cow, Downward-Facing Dog, High Lunge, and Cobra Pose to loosen your spine, hips, and core.

5. How can I incorporate Camel Pose into my practice?

Include Camel Pose in vinyasa flows after warm-up poses, hold it for longer in Yin Yoga, or use it as a gentle energizer after restorative practices.

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